Acetaminophen toxicity in cultured trout liver cells. II. Maintenance of cytochrome P450 1A1.
Acetaminophen was demonstrated to maintain cytochrome P450 1A1 (P450 1A1) in isolated rainbow trout liver cells cultured in serum-free medium. This novel finding was characterized in detail. Cultured trout liver cells retained their ability to respond to typical 1A1 inducers in vitro; induction of ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity was readily demonstrated by exposing liver cells from control trout to beta-naphthoflavone (BNF), Aroclor 1254, or 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene. BNF was the most potent inducer studied and was used in further experiments. High levels of EROD activity, immunoreactive 1A1, and 1A1 mRNA were expressed in liver cells prepared from trout pretreated with BNF. However, all of these 1A1-specific indicators rapidly declined when cells from BNF-treated trout were placed in culture, and BNF in culture medium was not effective in maintaining EROD activity. Immunohistochemical studies suggested that addition of acetaminophen to liver cells prepared from BNF-induced trout helped maintain elevated levels of P450 1A1. Total cytochrome P450, EROD activity and immunoreactive P450 1A1 were retained in liver cells from BNF-induced trout by the addition of acetaminophen, in a dose-dependent manner. The concentrations of acetaminophen most effective in maintaining P450 1A1 produced cytotoxic effects, including vesiculation of endoplasmic reticulum. Furthermore, the acetaminophen maintenance of P450 1A1 was primarily attributed to elevated levels of P450 1A1 mRNA. In contrast to BNF, acetaminophen was not capable of inducing 1A1 in liver cells prepared from control trout. This is the first report to demonstrate that acetaminophen can help maintain P450 1A1 and that this effect is exerted at the level of P450 1A1 mRNA.
Miller, MR; Saito, N; Blair, JB; Hinton, DE
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