Sex and depression in the National Comorbidity Survey. II: Cohort effects.


Journal Article

Data from a nationally representative sample of the general population are used to study cohort differences in the prevalence of DSM-III-R Major Depressive Episode (MDE). We document increasing lifetime prevalence of MDE among both men and women in more recent cohorts, but no major change in the sex ratio over the 40-year period retrospectively covered in the survey. We find a cohort difference in 12-month MDE, with older women much more likely than older men to have recurrent episodes. This sex difference in recurrence plays an important part in the elevated 12-month prevalence of depression among women compared to men in the 45-54 age range.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kessler, RC; McGonagle, KA; Nelson, CB; Hughes, M; Swartz, M; Blazer, DG

Published Date

  • January 1, 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 15 - 26

PubMed ID

  • 8151045

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8151045

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0165-0327

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0165-0327(94)90147-3


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands