Affective disorders in five United States communities.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Results on the age/sex specific prevalence of DSM-III affective disorders from the NIMH Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study (ECA), a probability sample of over 18,000 adults from five United States communities, are presented. The cross-site means for bipolar disorder ranged from 0.7/100 (2 weeks) to 1.2/100 (lifetime), with a mean age of onset of 21 years and no sex difference in rates. The cross-site means for major depression ranged from 1.5/100 (2 weeks) to 4.4/100 (lifetime), with a mean age onset of 27 years and higher rates in women. The cross-site means for dysthymia, a chronic condition, was 3.1/100 with a higher rate in women. There was reasonable consistency in prevalence rates among sites. The implications of these findings for understanding psychopathology are discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Weissman, MM; Leaf, PJ; Tischler, GL; Blazer, DG; Karno, M; Bruce, ML; Florio, LP

Published Date

  • February 1, 1988

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 141 - 153

PubMed ID

  • 3363034

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0033-2917

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1017/s0033291700001975


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England