Sleep complaints in older adults: a racial comparison.


Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Sleep complaints have been reported in epidemiologic studies to be more frequent in late life, among females, among the physically impaired, and among persons experiencing psychiatric disorders. To date, however, no studies have reported a racial difference in sleep complaints among older persons in the United States. METHOD: The Duke EPESE (Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly) assessed 3,976 community-dwelling elders age 65+ for sleep complaints and relevant control variables. RESULTS: In bivariate analyses, sleep complaints were associated with female gender, White race, older age, cognitive impairment, lower education, presence of chronic health conditions, poor self-rated health, and higher scores on a self-rated depression scale (the CES-D). In logistic regression analysis, the association of White race and more sleep complaints persisted (p < .001) when the above variables were simultaneously controlled. CONCLUSIONS: Fewer reported sleep complaints in community-dwelling Black elders compared to White elders remains unexplained, though it may be secondary to a higher threshold for Black elders reporting complaints.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Blazer, DG; Hays, JC; Foley, DJ

Published Date

  • September 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 50 / 5

Start / End Page

  • M280 - M284

PubMed ID

  • 7671031

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7671031

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1079-5006

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/gerona/50a.5.m280


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States