Family history of psychiatric disorder and low self-confidence: predictors of depressive symptoms at 12-month follow-up.


Journal Article

We examined effects of two risk factors for depression, family psychiatric history and Low Self-Confidence, on (1) baseline characteristics of major depression and (2) depressive symptoms one year later. Subjects (N = 104) in the midst of a depressive episode were assigned to one of three family history subtypes identified in earlier research: Pure Depressive Disease (PDD) Depressive Spectrum Disease (DSD), Sporadic Depressive Disease (SDD). Results indicate that effects of Self-Confidence on depressive symptoms at follow-up varied by family subtype. In multivariate analyses with controls for demographic and illness characteristics, the mean follow-up depressive score was below the depressive threshold for PDD subjects and above it for SDD subjects regardless of the level of Self-Confidence. In contrast, DSD subjects with High Self-Confidence reported significantly more symptoms than those with Low Self-Confidence.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hughes, DC; Turnbull, JE; Blazer, DG

Published Date

  • July 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 197 - 212

PubMed ID

  • 1527274

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1527274

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0165-0327

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0165-0327(92)90006-r


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands