Phenylephrine provocative testing in the pigmentary dispersion syndrome.
Forty-nine patients with bilateral pigmentary dispersion syndrome (abnormal accumulation of pigment in the anterior chamber, principally from the posterior layers of the iris), including 31 patients with pigmentary glaucoma, underwent 10% phenylephrine testing in one eye for evaluation of liberation of pigment floaters into the anterior chamber and the influence of phenylephrine on the intraocular pressure. Ten patients with pigmentary glaucoma developed a 3+ to 4+ pigment response, but only two demonstrated a pressure rise greater than 2 mm Hg. The highest pressure rise observed was 7 mm Hg. Nine patients with pigmentary dispersion syndrome but without glaucoma also developed a 3+ to 4+ pigment response, but none of these had a pressure rise. The incidence of pigment liberation was higher in older patients and in pigmentary glaucoma patients receiving topical antiglaucoma therapy at the time of testing. The extent of iris transillumination did not correlate with the grade of phenylephrine-induced pigment liberation. Two pigmentary glaucoma patients, who did not liberate pigment or have a pressure rise when tested with phenylephrine, did exhibit spontaneous or exercise-induced liberations of pigment into the anterior chamber, with marked rises of intraocular pressure and obstruction of aqueous outflow.
Epstein, DL; Boger, WP; Grant, WM
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