Microtubule disruption leads to cellular contraction in human trabecular meshwork cells.

Journal Article

Purpose

To determine whether microtubule- and actin-altering drugs, which have been shown to increase aqueous humor outflow, cause cellular contraction in human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells.

Methods

HTM cells were plated in culture dishes containing a polymerized deformable silicone substrate. After 48 hours, the dishes were placed on an inverted microscope and treated with ethacrynic acid, colchicine, vinblastine, cytochalasin B, or 1-(5-isoquinolinylsulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7) and then recorded on videotape for 15 minutes. An increase in silicone substrate wrinkle size and/or number indicated a contraction. Sham controls were used.

Results

Cellular contraction was observed with ethacrynic acid, colchicine, and vinblastine in the 10(-5) to 10(-4) M dosage range. Pretreatment with H-7 blocked these effects. Cytochalasin B did not produce cellular contraction.

Conclusions

Microtubule disruption causes cellular contraction in HTM cells, and this effect depends on an intact actin cytoskeleton network. Contraction of trabecular meshwork cells in response to various stimuli is an attractive hypothesis for possible homeostatic mechanisms in the outflow pathway, and this may serve as a focus for novel glaucoma drug development.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gills, JP; Roberts, BC; Epstein, DL

Published Date

  • March 1, 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 653 - 658

PubMed ID

  • 9501880

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9501880

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-5783

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0146-0404

Language

  • eng