Characterization of alpha 2-macroglobulin binding to human trabecular meshwork cells: presence of the alpha 2-macroglobulin signaling receptor.
Direct binding of receptor-recognized alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M*) or a cloned receptor binding fragment from rat alpha 1-macroglobulin (RBF) to human trabecular meshwork cells demonstrated two classes of cell surface binding sites. One class has an apparent Kd of 5.0 nM and a receptor number of 31,800 receptors/cell. The other class has an apparent Kd of 20 pM and a receptor number of 1600 receptors/cell. Binding studies of alpha 2M* or RBF in the presence of a competitor for binding to low-density-lipoprotein receptor-related protein/alpha 2M* receptor (LRP/alpha 2MR) called receptor-associated protein (RAP) show that only the lower affinity class of binding sites is susceptible to competition with RAP. Uptake studies demonstrate specific internalization and degradation of alpha 2M* which is inhibitable by RAP. Exposure of the cells to alpha 2M* and RBF (40 nM) is associated with mean increases of 171 and 210%, respectively, in the intracellular calcium concentration, which is not inhibitable by RAP or pertussis toxin. These studies present the first characterization of alpha 2M* and RBF signaling in a primary human cell type and suggest a role for alpha 2M* in the physiology of the eye.
Howard, GC; Roberts, BC; Epstein, DL; Pizzo, SV
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