Intraocular pressure elevation following Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy.
Intraocular pressures (IOP) and tonographic outflow facilities were measured following neodymium (Nd): YAG laser posterior capsulotomy in 13 pseudophakic and 8 aphakic eyes. Mean intraocular pressure (IOP) peaked by three hours with a mean increase of 13 mmHg, remained elevated by 5 mmHg at 24 hours but returned to baseline by one week. Fourteen eyes (67%) had greater than or equal to 10 mmHg elevation and eight (38%) had greater than or equal to 40 mmHg maximum IOP. All the patients who eventually demonstrated a greater than or equal to 10 mmHg elevation within six hours of the capsulotomy initially had an IOP elevation greater than or equal to 5 mmHg at one hour. The mean outflow facility was reduced from 0.18 microl/min/mmHg before capsulotomy to 0.08 microl/min/mmHg (55%, P less than 0.0001) at four hours and was still decreased at 0.13 microl/min/mmHg (27%, P less than 0.05) at one week. Seventy-five percent of aphakic and 15% of pseudophakic patients had maximum IOP greater than or equal to 40 mmHg (P less than 0.01). Measurements should be performed one hour postlaser in all patients for IOP and three to four hours in aphakic patients, glaucomatous patients, patients receiving greater than or equal to 200 mjoules total laser energy, and patients with greater than or equal to 5 mmHg elevation at one hour in order to detect and treat significant IOP elevations.
Richter, CU; Arzeno, G; Pappas, HR; Steinert, RF; Puliafito, C; Epstein, DL
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