Thiol adducts of ethacrynic acid increase outflow facility in enucleated calf eyes.


Journal Article

Ethacrynic acid (ECA), a sulfhydryl (SH)-reactive diuretic drug, has been shown to increase outflow facility (C) both in living monkey eyes and in the calf eye, in vitro (Epstein et al. 1987). In an attempt to increase the therapeutic index of this drug for potential clinical use in glaucoma, we explored the effect of various thiol adducts of ECA on C in the calf eye in vitro. These adducts might be expected to liberate ECA by a reversible retro-Michael type reaction. Enucleated calf eyes were perfused at 25 degrees C at 15 mm Hg for 5 hours with various ECA-thiol adducts. ECA-cysteine at 0.25 mM (for each) increased outflow facility 104% compared to 38% in sham manipulated eyes (n-10; p less than .005). A dose response effect was demonstrated from 0.01 mM to 0.25 mM. A relative potency table (for increasing C) was established for several ECA-thiol adducts: Cysteine = cysteamine greater than glutathione greater than N-Acetyl cysteine greater than thiosalicylic acid greater than N-Acetyl cysteamine. This study identifies the potential of utilizing various derivatives of ECA as outflow pathway acting agents.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Epstein, DL; Hooshmand, LB; Epstein, MP

Published Date

  • March 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 253 - 258

PubMed ID

  • 1587147

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1587147

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1460-2202

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0271-3683

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3109/02713689209001776


  • eng