Levobunolol and betaxolol. A double-masked controlled comparison of efficacy and safety in patients with elevated intraocular pressure.
In a double-masked, randomized, controlled clinical trial, the authors evaluated the ocular hypotensive efficacy of twice-daily treatment with levobunolol (0.25 and 0.5%) and betaxolol (0.5%) in 85 patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. During the 3-month study, intraocular pressure (IOP) reductions in the two levobunolol groups were significantly greater than in the betaxolol group. From a mean baseline IOP of approximately 25 mmHg, overall mean reductions were 6.2 and 6.0 mmHg for the 0.25 and 0.5% levobunolol groups, respectively, and 3.7 mmHg for the betaxolol group. No clinically or statistically significant among-group differences were noted in the systemic safety variables evaluated. These data suggest that although all three treatments are effective, levobunolol provides a greater reduction in IOP than betaxolol.
Long, DA; Johns, GE; Mullen, RS; Bowe, RG; Alexander, D; Epstein, DL; Weiss, MJ; Masi, RJ; Charap, AD; Eto, CY
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