Depressive symptoms in women working in a poultry-processing plant: a longitudinal analysis.


Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Work in poultry-processing plants is physically demanding, and a number of studies have documented the effects of such work on the physical health of workers. Few studies, however, have examined the potential effects on mental health. METHODS: Longitudinal data were collected on 223 women who worked in two poultry-processing plants in northeastern North Carolina. Effects on depressive symptoms of demographic variables, work tenure at baseline, musculoskeletal pain, psychosocial job characteristics, coping style, and health-related quality of life were examined using mixed models. RESULTS: Psychosocial job characteristics were not associated with depressive symptoms as measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) in this cohort of workers. CES-D scores decreased with increasing work tenure at the plant, which suggests a healthy worker survivor effect (HWSE). CONCLUSIONS: These exploratory analyses draw attention to the need to more carefully explore the possibility that the HWSE may extend to mental health outcomes as well as physical ones.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Horton, RA; Lipscomb, HJ

Published Date

  • October 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 54 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 791 - 799

PubMed ID

  • 21796659

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21796659

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-0274

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/ajim.20991


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States