The biocompatibility of titanium cardiovascular devices seeded with autologous blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells: EPC-seeded antithrombotic Ti implants.

Journal Article

Implantable and extracorporeal cardiovascular devices are commonly made from titanium (Ti) (e.g. Ti-coated Nitinol stents and mechanical circulatory assist devices). Endothelializing the blood-contacting Ti surfaces of these devices would provide them with an antithrombogenic coating that mimics the native lining of blood vessels and the heart. We evaluated the viability and adherence of peripheral blood-derived porcine endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), seeded onto thin Ti layers on glass slides under static conditions and after exposure to fluid shear stresses. EPCs attached and grew to confluence on Ti in serum-free medium, without preadsorption of proteins. After attachment to Ti for 15 min, less than 5% of the cells detached at a shear stress of 100 dyne / cm(2). Confluent monolayers of EPCs on smooth Ti surfaces (Rq of 10 nm), exposed to 15 or 100 dyne/cm(2) for 48 h, aligned and elongated in the direction of flow and produced nitric oxide dependent on the level of shear stress. EPC-coated Ti surfaces had dramatically reduced platelet adhesion when compared to uncoated Ti surfaces. These results indicate that peripheral blood-derived EPCs adhere and function normally on Ti surfaces. Therefore EPCs may be used to seed cardiovascular devices prior to implantation to ameliorate platelet activation and thrombus formation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Achneck, HE; Jamiolkowski, RM; Jantzen, AE; Haseltine, JM; Lane, WO; Huang, JK; Galinat, LJ; Serpe, MJ; Lin, F-H; Li, M; Parikh, A; Ma, L; Chen, T; Sileshi, B; Milano, CA; Wallace, CS; Stabler, TV; Allen, JD; Truskey, GA; Lawson, JH

Published Date

  • January 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 10 - 18

PubMed ID

  • 20926131

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-5905

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.08.073

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands