HIV risk behavior among ethnically diverse adolescents living in low-income housing developments.


Journal Article

PURPOSE: To describe patterns and predictors of HIV risk behaviors among ethnically diverse, low-income adolescents. METHODS: Computer-assisted surveys were administered to 1172 adolescents between the ages of 12 and 17 years living in 15 low-income housing developments in three urban areas in the United States to characterize and identify predictors of HIV risk behavior. Data were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression to identify variables predictive of "no risk," "lower risk," and "higher risk" group classification. RESULTS: Most adolescents were not yet sexually active; nonetheless, a subset of youth reported high rates of HIV risk-related behaviors. HIV risk was highest among adolescents who were older, had weaker intentions to reduce risk, stronger beliefs that their sexual partners did not favor risk-reduction, lower risk-reduction behavioral skills, higher risk-reduction outcome expectation, and higher rates of substance use. CONCLUSIONS: HIV prevention efforts are needed that are tailored to ethnically diverse communities of adolescents, including those in early adolescence and those at highest risk.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sikkema, KJ; Brondino, MJ; Anderson, ES; Gore-Felton, C; Kelly, JA; Winett, RA; Heckman, TG; Roffman, RA

Published Date

  • August 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 141 - 150

PubMed ID

  • 15261643

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15261643

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1972

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1054-139X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2003.09.008


  • eng