A pilot coping improvement intervention for late middle-aged and older adults living with HIV/AIDS in the USA.


Journal Article

As AIDS becomes more prevalent among late middle-aged and older adults, mental health support services that facilitate the coping and adjustment efforts of this group are increasingly needed. The current article: (1) outlines a coping improvement group intervention for HIV-infected older adults; and (2) examines the efficacy of the intervention utilizing a small sample (N = 16) of older adults living with HIV/AIDS in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and New York City. The intervention focused on enabling HIV-infected older adults to accurately appraise sources of stress, develop adaptive coping responses and access social support resources to facilitate coping efforts. An evaluation of this pilot intervention, conducted using a pretest-posttest, no control group design, revealed that the intervention increased participants' perceptions of social support, produced higher perceptions of social wellbeing and enabled participants to engage in more planful problem solving, confrontive coping and future optimism. Intervention participants also experienced less stressor burden associated with AIDS-related loss and health concerns. While the current intervention showed potential to facilitate the adjustment efforts of HIV-infected older adults, randomized clinical trials of this intervention with larger samples are needed before its appropriateness for this population can be determined.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Heckman, TG; Kochman, A; Sikkema, KJ; Kalichman, SC; Masten, J; Bergholte, J; Catz, S

Published Date

  • February 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 129 - 139

PubMed ID

  • 11177470

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11177470

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1360-0451

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0954-0121

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/09540120020018233


  • eng