Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Discusses the cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Over the past 15 years, cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy has emerged as the psychosocial treatment of choice for OCD across lifespan. Unlike other psychotherapies that have been applied usually unsuccessfully to OCD, cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) presents a logically consistent and compelling relationship between the disorder, the treatment, and the specified outcome. Nevertheless, despite a consensus that CBT is usually helpful, clinicians routinely complain that patients will not comply with behavioral treatments and parents routinely complain that clinicians are poorly trained in CBT, with the result that many if not most children and adolescents are denied access to effective psychosocial treatment. This unfortunate situation may be avoidable, given an increased understanding regarding the implementation of CBT in children and adolescents with OCD. To this end, we review the principles and the practical aspects of the cognitive-behavioral treatment of OCD in youth, move on to discuss empirical studies supporting the use of CBT in the pediatric age group, and conclude by discussing directions for future research.
March, JS; Franklin, M; Nelson, A; Foa, E
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