Obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents: a review of the past 10 years.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) from the perspective of information relevant to American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology recertification in child and adolescent psychiatry. METHOD: The clinical and research literatures were systematically searched or articles that address the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric OCD. RESULTS: Drawing from the literature and their own clinical experience, the authors note that (1) OCD is a common neuropsychiatric disorder; (2) comorbidity is common, especially with tic, attention-deficit, anxiety, and affective disorders; (3) OCD following group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infection may define an autoimmune sub-grouping calling for immunomodulatory treatments; and (4) OCD-specific cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy with a serotonin reuptake inhibitor define the psychotherapeutic and pharmacotherapeutic treatments of choice, respectively. CONCLUSION: Child psychiatrists should be familiar with the differential diagnosis and treatment of OCD.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • March, JS; Leonard, HL

Published Date

  • October 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 1265 - 1273

PubMed ID

  • 8885580

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8885580

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1527-5418

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0890-8567

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00004583-199610000-00012

Language

  • eng