Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for anxiety and depressive disorders in children and adolescents: an evidence-based medicine review.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the cognitive-behavioral treatment of children and adolescents with anxiety and depressive disorders within the conceptual framework of evidence-based medicine. METHOD: The psychiatric and psychological literature was systematically searched for controlled trials applying cognitive-behavioral treatment to pediatric anxiety and depressive disorders. RESULTS: For both anxiety and depression, substantial evidence supports the efficacy of problem-specific cognitive-behavioral interventions. Comparisons with wait-list, inactive control, and active control conditions suggest medium to large effects for symptom reduction in primary outcome domains. CONCLUSIONS: From an evidence-based perspective, cognitive-behavioral therapy is currently the treatment of choice for anxiety and depressive disorders in children and adolescents. Future research in this area will need to focus on comparing cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy with other treatments, component analyses, and the application of exportable protocol-driven treatments to divergent settings and patient populations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Compton, SN; March, JS; Brent, D; Albano, AM; Weersing, R; Curry, J

Published Date

  • August 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 43 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 930 - 959

PubMed ID

  • 15266189

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15266189

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1527-5418

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0890-8567

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/01.chi.0000127589.57468.bf

Language

  • eng