Advances in camera, video, and imaging technologies in laparoscopy.
The introduction of technological advances, such as HDTV, three-dimensional laparoscopy, and further miniaturization of high-resolution digital video cameras, will allow significantly enhanced opportunities for laparoscopic surgical proficiency and further broadening of laparoscopic applications in urology. These enhancements, coupled with the recent advances in telemedicine and surgical simulation, will improve laparoscopic training and skill acquisition, decrease operative times and costs, minimize morbidity, and improve overall patient care.
Kourambas, J; Preminger, GM
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