How to improve lithotripsy and chemolitholysis of brushite-stones: an in vitro study.
Because of their resistance to fragmentation, treatment of brushite stones is a big problem. This study was performed to look for an improvement in therapeutic strategies by using artificial stones made of brushite (Bon(n)-stones), which are comparable to their natural counterparts. Using an ultrasound transmission technique, longitudinal wave propagation speeds were measured at different time intervals during treatment with hemiacidrin. From these and density measurements, transverse wave speed, wave impedance and dynamic mechanical properties of the artificial stones were calculated. Moreover, the microhardness of artificial stones was measured and investigations on shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) combined with initial chemolytic treatment of the stones were performed. The suggestion was confirmed that stone fragility and thus SWL can be improved by varying the physical properties of brushite stones through treatment with hemiacidrin. Additionally, we demonstrated the efficacy of Suby G in dissolving artificial brushite stones using an experimental arrangement simulating the physiological conditions in the upper urinary tract. Moreover, the efficacy of four different intracorporeal lithotripsy devices (electrohydraulic, pneumatic, laser and ultrasound) was tested and it was shown that electrohydraulic lithotripsy seems to be the best system for comminution of brushite stones.
Heimbach, D; Jacobs, D; Hesse, A; Müller, SC; Zhong, P; Preminger, GM
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