Endoscopic management of urologic disease with the holmium laser.
The efficiency and safety profile of the holmium laser have made this tool a versatile multipurpose instrument for use in the endoscopic treatment of a wide variety of urologic disorders. Herein are reviewed holmium laser physics and current endourologic applications, as well as the performance of new low-power holmium lasers.
Delvecchio, FC; Preminger, GM
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