Cell adhesion peptides alter smooth muscle cell adhesion, proliferation, migration, and matrix protein synthesis on modified surfaces and in polymer scaffolds.
The effects of cell adhesion peptides (RGDS, KQAGDV, VAPG) on vascular smooth muscle cells grown on modified surfaces and in tissue-engineering scaffolds were examined. Cells were more strongly adhered to surfaces modified with adhesive ligands than to control surfaces (no ligand or a nonadhesive ligand). Cell migration was higher on surfaces with 0.2 nmol/cm(2) of adhesive ligand than on control surfaces, but it was lower on surfaces with 2.0 nmol/cm(2) of adhesive ligand than it was on control surfaces. Further, cell proliferation was lower on adhesive surfaces than it was on control surfaces, and it decreased as the ligand density increased. Similarly, in the peptide-grafted hydrogel scaffolds, cell proliferation was lower in scaffolds containing the adhesive peptides than it was in control scaffolds. After 7 days of culture, more collagen per cell was produced in control scaffolds than in scaffolds containing adhesive peptides. In addition, collagen production decreased in the scaffolds as the ligand concentration increased. While modification of a surface or scaffold material with adhesive ligands initially increases cell attachment, it may be necessary to optimize cell adhesion simultaneously with proliferation, migration, and matrix production.
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