An Infection Control Program for a 2009 influenza A H1N1 outbreak in a university-based summer camp.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: Describe two 2009-H1N1 influenza outbreaks in university-based summer camps and the implementation of an infection control program. PARTICIPANTS: 7,906 campers across 73 residential camps from May 21-August 2, 2009. METHODS: Influenza-like-illness (ILI) was defined as fever with cough and/or sore throat. Influenza A was identified using PCR or rapid-antigen testing. We implemented an infection control program consisting of education, hand hygiene, disinfection, symptom screening, and ILI case management. RESULTS: An initial ILI cluster involved 60 cases across 3 camps from June 17-July 2. Academic Camp-1 had the most cases (n = 45, 14.9% attack rate); influenza A was identified in 84% of those tested. Despite implementation of an infection control program, a second ILI cluster began on July 12 in Academic Camp-2 (n = 47, 15.0% attack rate). CONCLUSIONS: ILI can spread rapidly in a university-based residential camp. Infection control is an important aspect of the medical response but is challenging to implement.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tsalik, EL; Cunningham, CK; Cunningham, HM; Lopez-Marti, MG; Sangvai, DG; Purdy, WK; Anderson, DJ; Thompson, JR; Brown, M; Woods, CW; Jaggers, LB; Hendershot, EF

Published Date

  • 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 59 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 419 - 426

PubMed ID

  • 21500062

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21500062

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1940-3208

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/07448481.2010.534215

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States