Staphylococcal surgical site infections.
Staphylococcus aureus is the leading cause of surgical site infections (SSI) in the United States. In particular, SSI caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has emerged as a devastating complication, leading to increased mortality rates, increased length of hospitalization, and increased costs. Proven strategies for prevention of SSI caused by S aureus include addressing modifiable risk factors and correct choice and timing of antimicrobial prophylaxis. Other strategies, including decolonization and the use of vancomycin, remain controversial.
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