Discovery of high-affinity peptide binders to BLyS by phage display.
B lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS) is a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family member and a key regulator of B cell responses. We employed a phage display-based approach to identify peptides that bind BLyS with high selectivity and affinity. Sequence analysis of first-generation BLyS-binding peptides revealed two dominant peptide motifs, including one containing a conserved DxLT sequence. Selected linear peptides with this motif were found to bind BLyS with K(D) values of 1-3 microM. In order to improve the binding affinity for BLyS, consensus residues flanking the DxLT sequence were seeded into a second-generation, BLyS affinity maturation library (BAML). BAML phage were subjected to stringent binding competition conditions to select for isolates expressing high-affinity peptide ligands for BLyS. Post-selection analysis of BAML peptide sequences resulted in the identification of a core decapeptide motif (WYDPLTKLWL). Peptides containing this core motif exhibited K(D) values as low as 26 nM, approximately 100-fold lower than that of first-generation peptides. A fluorescence anisotropy assay was developed to monitor the protein-protein interaction between BLyS labeled with a ruthenium chelate, and TACI-Fc, a soluble form of a BLyS receptor. Using this assay it was found that a BAML peptide disrupts this high-affinity protein-protein interaction. This demonstrates the potential of short peptides for disruption of high affinity cytokine-receptor interactions.
Fleming, TJ; Sachdeva, M; Delic, M; Beltzer, J; Wescott, CR; Devlin, M; Lander, RC; Nixon, AE; Roschke, V; Hilbert, DM; Sexton, DJ
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