P-selectin knockout mice have improved outcomes with both warm ischemia and small bowel transplantation.
AIM: To analyze the role of P-selectin in intestinal ischemia and reperfusion injury (IRI) using murine models. METHODS: A model of warm IRI wherein the SMA was occluded for 100 minutes was undertaken in the following groups (10 mice per group): Group 1 (control) wild-type (WT) C57BL6, no treatment; Group 2: 0.4 mg/kg of r-PSGL1-lg 10 minutes before and after clamping; Group 3: PSGL KO mice. Survival was assessed at 7 days; the intestine was assayed for histopathology, apoptosis, myeloperoxidase (MPO), IL1, and TNF. A second model of cold IRI followed by intestinal transplantation (IT) was undertaken in the following groups (two mice per group): Group A WT --> WT: Group B PSGL KO --> WT (1-hour ischemia); Group C: PSGL KO --> WT (2 hour ischemia). Survival only was assessed. RESULTS: Survival was 50% in group 1, 90% in group 2, and 100% in group 3. Graded histopathology and crypt apoptosis demonstrated significantly less injury in groups B and C. MPO was not different between groups. IL1 and TNF were significantly reduce in groups 2 and 3. Following IT, survival was <12 hours in group A, >7 days in group B, and <72 hours in group C. CONCLUSION: This study clearly demonstrates the importance of P-selectin in warm and cold IRI in that the blockade of P-selectin using rPSGL1-lg or the absence of P-selectin using KO mice confers a survival advantage and reduction in tissue injury. The mechanism is unclear but appears to be independent of neutrophil infiltration.
Carmody, IC; Meng, L; Shen, XD; Anselmo, D; Gao, F; Ke, B; Ma, JP; Kupiec-Weglinski, JW; McDiarmid, SV; Busuttil, RW; Shaw, G; Farmer, DG
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