Signal transduction in a compliant short loop of Henle.

Published

Journal Article

To study the transformation of fluctuations in filtration rate into tubular fluid chloride concentration oscillations alongside the macula densa, we have developed a mathematical model for tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) signal transduction along the pars recta, the descending limb, and the thick ascending limb (TAL) of a short-looped nephron. The model tubules are assumed to have compliant walls and, thus, a tubular radius that depends on the transmural pressure difference. Previously, it has been predicted that TGF transduction by the TAL is a generator of nonlinearities: if a sinusoidal oscillation is added to a constant TAL flow rate, then the time required for a fluid element to traverse the TAL is oscillatory in time but nonsinusoidal. The results from the new model simulations presented here predict that TGF transduction by the loop of Henle is also, in the same sense, a generator of nonlinearities. Thus, this model predicts that oscillations in tubular fluid alongside the macula densa will be nonsinusoidal and will exhibit harmonics of sinusoidal perturbations of pars recta flow. Model results also indicate that the loop acts as a low-pass filter in the transduction of the TGF signal.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Layton, AT; Pham, P; Ryu, H

Published Date

  • March 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 369 - 383

PubMed ID

  • 22577511

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22577511

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2040-7947

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2040-7939

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/cnm.1475

Language

  • eng