The effect of hypoxia on neurohypophyseal hormone release in fetal and maternal sheep.

Published

Journal Article

The effect of hypoxemia on arginine vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OT) release was investigated in the chronically catheterized fetus and ewe. During 30 min of 10% maternal oxygen delivery, mean (+/- SEM) arterial PO2 decreased from 105 +/- 10.6 to 48 +/- 3.5 mm Hg in the ewe and from 21 +/- 1.3 to 12 +/- 0.8 mm Hg in the fetus (each P less than 0.001). Arterial PCO2 decreased from 35 +/- 4.4 to 29 +/- 1.0 mm Hg in the ewe, whereas fetal PCO2 decreased from 43 +/- 2.3 to 35 +/- 3.5 mm Hg (P less than 0.05). Blood pH increased from 7.44 +/- 0.03 to 7.56 +/- 0.04 in the ewe (P less than 0.01) and from 7.36 +/- 0.004 to 7.40 +/- 0.006 in the fetuses (P less than 0.01). Baseline mean AVP levels were identical in ewes and fetuses (0.7 +/- 0.1 microU/ml). After 30 min of hypoxia, plasma AVP levels remained unchanged in the ewes (0.9 +/- 0.1), but increased dramatically in the fetuses (47 +/- 21 microU/ml) (P less than 0.001). There was a highly significant correlation between the duration of hypoxia and log fetal AVP concentrations (r = 0.85). The log fetal plasma AVP also was inversely correlated to the log fetal PO2 values (r = 0.83). Mean baseline fetal and maternal plasma OT levels were 2.6 +/- 0.5 microU/ml and 2.2 +/- 0.5 microU/ml, respectively. After 30 min of hypoxia fetal and maternal OT values were 2.9 +/- 0.8 microU/ml (not significant).

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Stegner, H; Leake, RD; Palmer, SM; Oakes, G; Fisher, DA

Published Date

  • February 1, 1984

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 188 - 191

PubMed ID

  • 6422435

Pubmed Central ID

  • 6422435

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1530-0447

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0031-3998

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1203/00006450-198402000-00016

Language

  • eng