Trends in psychopathology across the adolescent years: what changes when children become adolescents, and when adolescents become adults?

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

BACKGROUND: Little is known about changes in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders between childhood and adolescence, and adolescence and adulthood. METHODS: We reviewed papers reporting prevalence rates of psychiatric disorders separately for childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood. Both longitudinal and cross-sectional papers published in the past 15 years were included. RESULTS: About one adolescent in five has a psychiatric disorder. From childhood to adolescence there is an increase in rates of depression, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and substance use disorders (SUD), and a decrease in separation anxiety disorder (SAD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). From adolescence to early adulthood there is a further increase in panic disorder, agoraphobia, and SUD, and a further decrease in SAD and ADHD. Other phobias and disruptive behavior disorders also fall. CONCLUSIONS: Further study of changes in rates of disorder across developmental stages could inform etiological research and guide interventions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Costello, EJ; Copeland, W; Angold, A

Published Date

  • October 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 52 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 1015 - 1025

PubMed ID

  • 21815892

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3204367

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1469-7610

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02446.x


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England