A brief assessment of learning for orphaned and abandoned children in low and middle income countries.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Assessment of children's learning and performance in low and middle income countries has been critiqued as lacking a gold standard, an appropriate norm reference group, and demonstrated applicability of assessment tasks to the context. This study was designed to examine the performance of three nonverbal and one adapted verbal measure of children's problem solving, memory, motivation, and attention across five culturally diverse sites. The goal was to evaluate the tests as indicators of individual differences affected by life events and care circumstances for vulnerable children. We conclude that the measures can be successfully employed with fidelity in non-standard settings in LMICs, and are associated with child age and educational experience across the settings. The tests can be useful in evaluating variability in vulnerable child outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • O'Donnell, K; Murphy, R; Ostermann, J; Masnick, M; Whetten, RA; Madden, E; Thielman, NM; Whetten, K; Positive Outcomes for Orphans (POFO) Research Team,

Published Date

  • February 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 480 - 490

PubMed ID

  • 21538088

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3817622

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-3254

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10461-011-9940-z


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States