A comparison of rocuronium and lidocaine for the prevention of postoperative myalgia after succinylcholine administration.

Published

Journal Article

The incidence of postoperative myalgia (POM) after succinylcholine administration has been reported to range from 5% to 83%. The administration of small doses of nondepolarizing muscle relaxants or lidocaine before the administration of succinylcholine has been shown to decrease the incidence and severity of POM experienced by patients. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the severity of POM in subjects receiving pretreatment with rocuronium or lidocaine. Seventy-four subjects were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind investigation to measure the effect of pretreatment modalities on the incidence and severity of myalgia following succinylcholine administration. Pretreatment consisted of either lidocaine, 1.5 mg/kg, or rocuronium, 0.03 mg/kg. Myalgia was measured using a 4-point ordinal scale. Ordinal and nominal data were analyzed using a chi 2 test and the Fisher exact test. A P value of less than .05 was considered significant. Data for 53 subjects were included in the analysis. Of the lidocaine group, 21 (72%) of 29 reported no myalgia at 48 hours compared with only 9 (38%) of 24 in the rocuronium group (P = 0.023). Satisfaction was similar between the groups. Based on the results of this study, pretreatment with lidocaine may provide better relief from myalgia than rocuronium at 48 hours after surgery.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Spence, D; Domen-Herbert, R; Boulette, E; Olson, RL; Vacchiano, C; Maye, J

Published Date

  • October 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 70 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 367 - 372

PubMed ID

  • 12425125

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12425125

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2162-5239

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0094-6354

Language

  • eng