Nonsurgical management of pelvic floor dysfunction.
In the 50 years since pelvic muscle exercises were introduced for the nonsurgical management of pelvic floor dysfunction related to parturition, a variety of approaches have been introduced and the scope of indications has grown. This article describes the evaluation of patients with pelvic floor complaints, discusses additional techniques for performing pelvic muscle exercises including biofeedback and electrical stimulation, details a comprehensive educational program, and examines the literature on the use of pelvic muscle exercises for the treatment of stress and urge urinary incontinence.
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