Development of an activities of daily living scale to screen for dementia in an illiterate rural older population in India.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: to develop a measure of activities of daily living appropriate for use in assessing the presence of dementia in illiterate rural elderly people in India. DESIGN: identification of relevant items, pre-testing of items and refinement of administrative procedures and scoring in four successive groups of 30 subjects each, pilot testing in a group of 100 subjects comparable to those for whom the measure is intended, administration to a representative sample of 387 people aged 55 and older, and assessment of the reliability of the final measure. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: age-stratified random sample of older men and women in rural areas of Ballabgarh, Northern India. RESULTS: the original pool of 35 items covering mobility, instrumental and personal care activities was reduced to an 11-item unidimensional scale (to which an additional item on mobility was added) with internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha)=0.82, perfect inter- and intra-rater reliability, test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation)=0.82 (any disability) and 0.92 (unable to perform for 'mental' reasons). Women, older subjects, the totally illiterate and subjects with poorer cognitive function performed significantly more poorly (P < or = 0.02 for all). PRODUCT: a brief, reliable and valid activities of daily living measure, with norms, which is appropriate for use in assessing dementia in illiterate rural elderly people in India.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fillenbaum, GG; Chandra, V; Ganguli, M; Pandav, R; Gilby, JE; Seaberg, EC; Belle, S; Baker, C; Echement, DA; Nath, LM

Published Date

  • March 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 161 - 168

PubMed ID

  • 10350413

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-0729

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/ageing/28.2.161


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England