Functional outcomes of primary and secondary repairs of vesicovaginal fistulae via vaginal cuff scar excision.
Hospital and office charts of patients who underwent vaginal cuff scar excision for vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) repair from February 1998 to December 2002 at our institution were reviewed. Preoperative demographics and fistula characteristics were gathered. Intraoperative data included use of tissue flaps, blood loss, OR time and anesthetic type. Postoperative review included time to discharge, successful repair and postoperative urinary or sexual dysfunction. Forty fistula repairs were identified. Ninety-three percent occurred after a hysterectomy and no subjects had a history of radiation. Forty-two percent had failed at least one surgical repair of their fistula and 12% had failed two or more attempted repairs. Twenty percent of the fistulae measured 1 cm or more in diameter and the remaining 80% were 5 mm or less. Peritoneal flaps and martius flaps were performed in 32% and 5%, respectively. Postoperatively, 100% of subjects were evaluated at 3 weeks when the suprapubic catheter was removed and 93% were evaluated at 3 months or later. All subjects were cured of their fistulae at last contact. At 3 months postoperatively, 94% percent denied any urinary dysfunction and 85% had resumed sexual intercourse. Two sexually active subjects reported mild deep dyspareunia. Transvaginal cuff scar excision is an effective method for the primary and secondary repair of vesicovaginal fistulae and does not appear to cause postoperative irritative voiding symptoms or dyspareunia.
Flynn, MK; Peterson, AC; Amundsen, CL; Webster, GD
Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct
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