Reference ranges for serum prostate-specific antigen in black and white men without cancer.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the age- and race-specific prostate-specific antigen (PSA) distributions in healthy men in central South Carolina and to compare these to data from other studies. METHODS: Two thousand ninety-two black men aged 40 to 69 years and white men aged 50 to 69 years from the general population in 11 counties of central South Carolina participated in a prostate cancer educational program. Seventy-two percent of the participants were black-about double the proportion in the general population-and 63% of the men (1319 of 2092) subsequently obtained a PSA determination from their own physician. The distribution of serum PSA was compared with distributions from the Olmsted County study and from the Walter Reed Army Medical Center/Center for Prostate Disease Research study. RESULTS: Older men without cancer had higher PSA levels. Regression analyses yielded an associated increase of about 3.3% per year. Reference ranges for normal PSA in men without cancer (based on their sample 95th percentiles) were zero to 1.9, 3.8, and 5.7 ng/mL in black men aged 40 to 49, 50 to 59, and 60 to 69 years, and zero to 2.7 and 4.9 mg/mL in white men aged 50 to 59 and 60 to 69 years, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Reference ranges for normal serum PSA levels should take into account the population from which they are derived and to which they will be applied. Reference ranges that are useful in the general population can differ from those that are appropriate in a hospital setting. For the general population in central South Carolina, reference ranges for serum PSA levels are lower than previously published reference ranges, particularly among black men.
Weinrich, MC; Jacobsen, SJ; Weinrich, SP; Moul, JW; Oesterling, JE; Jacobson, D; Wise, R
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