Immunohistochemical expression of monoclonal antibody 43-9F in testicular germ cell tumours.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of immunohistochemical staining of human testicular germ cell tumours with the monoclonal antibody 43-9F to distinguish embryonal carcinoma (EC) from other malignant germ cell components in order to facilitate pathohistological assessment of prognostic risk factors for metastatic disease in clinical stage I NSGCT. Archival, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of 24 classical seminomas, 7 spermatocytic seminomas, and 20 non-seminomatous germ cell tumours were stained for 43-9F, AFP, hCG and PLAP expression. Immunohistochemical expression was graded using a semi-quantitative scoring system: 1+ = 0-25%, 2+ = 26-50%, 3+ = 51-75% and 4+ = 76-100%. Positive immunohistochemical staining for 43-9F was found in all embryonal carcinomas and yolk sac tumours (YST); staining intensity was not statistically different between the two tumours (3.8 +/- 1.2 vs. 3.1 +/- 0.9). Classical seminomas and seminomatous components of NSGCT stained positive in 13/24 cases (54%); staining intensity was weak to moderate (1.1 +/- 0.7) in all but two cases (4+). Spermatocytic seminomas demonstrated weak positive immunostaining in 2/7 cases (29%). Adjacent CIS was found in 33/54 (61.1%) of tumours and 24/33 (72.7%) of CIS cells exhibited a weak to moderate staining intensity (1.4 +/- 0.7). AFP expression was found in 93% of YST and in only 10% of EC; however, based on the focal staining pattern, adequate differentiation of YST and EC was not possible. Positive PLAP staining was observed in 75% of EC, 79% of seminomas and in 88% of CIS cells. We did not find 43-9F staining clinically useful to distinguish embryonal carcinoma from other germ cell tumour components such as yolk sac tumour. The detection rate of CIS by 43-9F immunohistochemical staining was low and combination of PLAP staining with light microscopy was even superior. Additionally, our study confirms the link between pre-invasive CIS and embryonal carcinoma and suggests the possible direct development of embryonal carcinoma from CIS.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Heidenreich, A; Sesterhenn, IA; Mostofi, FK; Moul, JW

Published Date

  • October 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 283 - 288

PubMed ID

  • 9805244

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0105-6263

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1046/j.1365-2605.1998.00131.x


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England