A multivariate approach to a meta-analytic review of the effectiveness of the D.A.R.E. program.

Journal Article (Academic article)

The Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) program is a widespread but controversial school-based drug prevention program in the United States as well as in many other countries. The present multivariate meta-analysis reviewed 20 studies that assessed the effectiveness of the D.A.R.E. program in the United States. The results showed that the effects of the D.A.R.E. program on drug use did not vary across the studies with a less than small overall effect while the effects on psychosocial behavior varied with still a less than small overall effect. In addition, the characteristics of the studies significantly explained the variation of the heterogeneous effects on psychosocial behavior, which provides empirical evidence for improving the school-based drug prevention program.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pan, W; Bai, H

Published Date

  • January 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 267 - 277

PubMed ID

  • 19440283

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2672328

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1660-4601

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3390/ijerph6010267


  • English