Diabetes-related knowledge, atherosclerotic risk factor control, and outcomes in acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article

Patients who have diabetes mellitus have 2 times the incidence of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and 2 times the mortality rate after ACS compared with patients who do not have diabetes. Poor patient understanding of diabetes is believed to impede appropriate self-management, thus accelerating cardiovascular complications. We investigated the relation between patients' diabetes-related knowledge (DRK) and measurements of risk factor control and cardiac outcomes. Two hundred patients who had diabetes mellitus and ACS and were admitted to a university hospital were enrolled over a 9-month period. At enrollment, clinical and demographic data were recorded, and each patient completed a previously validated DRK assessment. Clinical outcomes data were obtained 6 months after enrollment. Years of education and DRK assessment score were moderately correlated (r = 0.496, p <0.0001). Glycosylated hemoglobin, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and body mass index showed no correlation with DRK assessment score (r = -0.045, -0.005, and 0.175, respectively), even after multivariable adjustment for differences in age, race, insulin requirement, duration of diabetes, and years of education. Rates of 6-month death (6.2% vs 9.7%) and death or myocardial infarction (15.5% vs 19.4%) were not significantly different between groups of patients stratified by DRK assessment scores (high vs low scoring groups). Thus, among patients who have diabetes and ACS, there is a moderate correlation between years of education and DRK. We found no correlation between DRK and measurements of risk factor control or 6-month clinical outcomes. New strategies must be developed to translate understanding of disease into better risk factor modification among patients who have diabetes and ACS.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sánchez, CD; Newby, LK; McGuire, DK; Hasselblad, V; Feinglos, MN; Ohman, EM

Published Date

  • June 1, 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 95 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1290 - 1294

PubMed ID

  • 15904631

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9149

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.01.070

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States