Cefepime tissue penetration in experimental acute pancreatitis.

Published

Journal Article

INTRODUCTION:Antibiotic treatment represents a cornerstone in the management of severe acute pancreatitis. However, different antibiotic substances are currently used. In this study, we analyzed penetration of cefepime into pancreatic tissue in two models of acute pancreatitis. AIMS AND METHODOLOGY:Following induction of acute pancreatitis, animals were treated with a single intravenous dose of cefepime (0.1 mg/g of body weight). At two different time points, blood and tissue samples were obtained for determination of cefepime concentration and microbiologic analysis. RESULTS:Mean pancreatic tissue concentrations +/- SEM 30 minutes after drug administration were significantly higher in animals with either mild acute pancreatitis (113 +/- 22 mg/kg) or severe acute pancreatitis (75 +/- 22 mg/kg) than in control animals (30 +/- 6 mg/kg) (p < 0.005). The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC90) for organisms usually isolated from infected pancreatic necrosis vary between 0.05 and 8 mg/L, which is between nine and 1,500 times lower than the mean peak concentration found in necrotic pancreatic tissue. Seven hours 30 minutes after antibiotic administration, pancreatic cefepime concentrations were still above the MIC90 in 100% and 83% of animals with mild and severe disease, respectively. The infection rate of pancreatic tissue was significantly lower after antibiotic treatment and was similar after imipenem/cilastatin or cefepime treatment. CONCLUSION:Because of its antibacterial coverage and proven tissue penetration in acute pancreatitis, cefepime should be studied in patients with severe acute pancreatitis.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Gloor, B; Worni, M; Strobel, O; Uhl, W; Tcholakov, O; Müller, CA; Stahel, PF; Droz, S; Büchler, MW

Published Date

  • March 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 26 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 117 - 121

PubMed ID

  • 12604907

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12604907

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1536-4828

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0885-3177

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00006676-200303000-00005

Language

  • eng