Hepatic monoacylglycerol acyltransferase: ontogeny and characterization of an activity associated with the chick embryo.
Hepatic monoacylglycerol acyltransferase is expressed during the perinatal period in rats and guinea pigs and appears to be related temporally to the availability of fatty acids and to the development of hepatic steatosis. In order to determine when monoacylglycerol acyltransferase activity is expressed in an avian species, its ontogeny was investigated in chick liver total particulate preparations. In livers from 11- to 21-day-old chick embryos, monoacylglycerol acyltransferase specific activity was 34.5 +/- 8.1 nmol/min per mg of total particulate protein. The specific activity decreased 93% to 2.6 +/- 1.3 nmol/min per mg by the 6th day after hatching. The specific activities of fatty acid CoA ligase, diacylglycerol acyltransferase, and microsomal and mitochondrial glycerol-P acyltransferases changed comparatively little during this time period. In the embryos, the monoacylglycerol acyltransferase activity per liver rose 28-fold between the 11th and 21st day, corresponding exactly to the increase in liver total particulate protein during this time. Monoacylglycerol acyltransferase activity in other tissues was 25- to 115-fold lower than observed in liver. Optimal activity was measured using 25 microM palmitoyl-CoA and 50 microM sn-2-monooleoylglycerol. The activity with the 1- and 2-monooleoylglycerol ethers and 1-monooleoylglycerol was very low. In contrast to microsomes from rat liver, about 70% of the product with the 1- and 2-monooleoylglycerol ethers was triradylglycerol, suggesting that the diacylglycerol acyltransferase from chick liver can acylate acyl, alkylglycerols. The activity with sn-2-monooleoylglycerol amide was 12.5% of that observed with the corresponding 2-monooleoylglycerol suggesting that the ester bond is important; the 1-monooleoylglycerol amide was not a substrate.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Sansbury, K; Millington, DS; Coleman, RA
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