Effects of daily stress on autonomic cardiac control in patients with coronary artery disease.
Emotional stress has been implicated in the development and progression of coronary artery disease, with 1 proposed causal pathway being changes in cardiac autonomic tone. One hundred thirty-five patients with coronary artery disease underwent 48 hours of ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring and completed activity and mood diaries every 20 minutes while awake. Random-effects model analyses associated higher levels of negative emotions (e.g., anger, stress, sadness) with decreases in high- and low-frequency power, whereas higher levels of positive emotion were related to an increase in low-frequency power, independent of age, posture, and medications.
Bacon, SL; Watkins, LL; Babyak, M; Sherwood, A; Hayano, J; Hinderliter, AL; Waugh, R; Blumenthal, JA
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