Parental history of hypertension and cardiovascular response to stress in Black and White men.
White offspring of hypertensives typically exhibit an elevated cardiovascular response to stress. Studies of Black offspring of hypertensives have been fewer, with inconsistent results. This may be due, in part. to incomplete characterizations of hemodynamic responses. This study examines cardiovascular reactivity in Black and White offspring of hypertensives with a particular focus on vascular resistance responses. A total of 62 healthy normotensive men, 41 with a parental history of hypertension (PH+: 21 Blacks, 20 Whites), and 21 without parental hypertension (PH-: 7 Blacks, 14 Whites) engaged in a series of laboratory tasks. Both Black and White PH+ participants exhibited elevated diastolic blood pressure (DBP) responses, but to different patterns of stressor tasks. Familial differences in total peripheral resistance response were also obtained for Black and White participants in a comparison across all tasks, but were particularly evident in tasks when PH+ participants had elevated DBP responses. These results suggest that a parental history of hypertension is an important moderator of cardiovascular, and in particular peripheral vascular, responses to stress in Black and White individuals.
Miller, SB; Turner, JR; Sherwood, A; Brownley, KA; Hinderliter, AL; Light, KC
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