The DASH diet and insulin sensitivity.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Lifestyle modifications, including adoption of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern, weight loss in individuals who are overweight or obese, and physical activity, are effective in the prevention and treatment of hypertension. A healthy lifestyle may also have beneficial effects on metabolic abnormalities, such as insulin resistance, that are associated with high blood pressure. This review examines the independent and combined effects of the DASH diet and weight loss plus exercise on blood pressure and insulin sensitivity, with a focus on recently published results from the ENCORE study. Our data suggest that the DASH eating plan alone lowers blood pressure in overweight individuals with higher than optimal blood pressure, but significant improvements in insulin sensitivity are observed only when the DASH diet is implemented as part of a more comprehensive lifestyle modification program that includes exercise and weight loss.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hinderliter, AL; Babyak, MA; Sherwood, A; Blumenthal, JA

Published Date

  • February 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 67 - 73

PubMed ID

  • 21058045

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21058045

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1534-3111

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1522-6417

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11906-010-0168-5

Language

  • eng