Prevalence, correlates and perceived causes of limitations in activities of daily living among older Singaporeans.

Journal Article

AIMS: To describe the prevalence of limitations in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) among older Singaporeans, examine the association of ADL limitations with various self-reported health conditions, assess perceived causes of ADL limitations, and compare prevalence of health conditions among those who perceive only 'old age' vs those who perceive at least one specific health condition as the cause of their limitations. METHODS: Data from a national survey of Singaporeans 60 years and over was used. The association between ADL limitations and health conditions was assessed through logistic regression. Those with ADL limitations were asked about the perceived cause/s of their limitation/ s. Any significant difference in the prevalence of health conditions between those attributing their ADL limitations only to old age and those attributing to at least one specific health condition was ascertained. RESULTS: Overall prevalence of ADL limitations was 9.7%. Joint/nerve pain, stroke, pelvic/femoral fractures, heart diseases, diabetes, osteoporosis, chronic respiratory illness and renal/urinary tract illness were significantly associated with ADL limitations, and the most common perceived cause was 'old age' (33%). The prevalence of most health conditions was similar in older adults attributing their limitations to only 'old age' and to at least one specific health condition. CONCLUSION: Clinical suspicion is called for if individuals with ADL limitations attribute them solely to 'old age'.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Malhotra, C; Chan, A; Malhotra, R; Ostbye, T

Published Date

  • February 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 24 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 56 - 61

PubMed ID

  • 22643305

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22643305

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1594-0667

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/BF03325354


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany