Recruitment strategies and rates of a multi-site behavioral intervention for adolescents and young adults with cancer.

Journal Article (Multicenter Study;Journal Article)


To provide an overview of factors related to recruitment of adolescents and young adults (AYA) into research and recruitment rates and reasons for refusal from a multicenter study entitled "Stories and Music for Adolescent/Young Adult Resilience during Transplant" (SMART).


A randomized clinical trial study design was used. The settings included 9 hospitals. The sample included AYAs (aged 11-24 years) who were undergoing a stem cell transplant. Several instruments were used to measure symptom distress, coping, resilience, and quality of life in AYA with cancer.


A total of 113 AYA were recruited (50%) for this study. Strategies were refined as the study continued to address challenges related to recruitment. We provide a description of recruitment strategies and an evaluation of our planning, implementing, and monitoring of recruitment rates for the SMART study.


When designing a study, careful consideration must be given to factors influencing recruitment as well as special considerations for unique populations. Dissemination of strategies specific to unique populations will be helpful to the design of future research studies.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hendricks-Ferguson, VL; Cherven, BO; Burns, DS; Docherty, SL; Phillips-Salimi, CR; Roll, L; Stegenga, KA; Donovan Stickler, M; Haase, JE

Published Date

  • November 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 434 - 442

PubMed ID

  • 22658379

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3448870

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-656X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0891-5245

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.pedhc.2012.04.010


  • eng