Reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for patients with hematologic malignancies who relapse following autologous transplantation: a multi-institutional prospective study from the Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB trial 100002).

Published

Journal Article

We prospectively treated 80 patients with relapse of malignancy or secondary myelodysplasia after autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) with allogeneic HCT (allo-HCT) using a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen of fludarabine 150 mg/m(2) plus intravenous busulfan 6.4 mg/kg. Both matched sibling (MSD) and unrelated donors (MUD) were allowed. Patients transplanted from MUD donors received more intensive graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis, including rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG) 10 mg/kg, mycophenolate mofetil, and an extended schedule of tacrolimus. With a median follow-up of 3.1 years (0.9-5.8), treatment-related mortality (TRM) at 6 months and 2 years was 8% and 23%, respectively. Neither TRM nor the rates of acute GVHD (aGVHD) were different in those with sibling or MUD donors. Donor CD3 cell chimerism >90% at day +30 was achieved more often in patients with MUD than with matched sibling donors, 70% versus 23% (P < .0001). Median event-free suvival was higher in patients who achieved early full donor chimerism (14.2 versus 8 months, P = .0395). Allo-HCT using this reduced-intensity conditioning regimen can be performed with low TRM in patients who have received a prior AHCT. Efforts to improve early donor CD3 chimerism may improve event-free survival.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bashey, A; Owzar, K; Johnson, JL; Edwards, PS; Kelly, M; Baxter-Lowe, L-A; Devine, S; Farag, S; Hurd, D; Ball, E; McCarthy, P; Lister, J; Shea, TC; Linker, C

Published Date

  • April 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 558 - 565

PubMed ID

  • 20674758

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20674758

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1523-6536

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1083-8791

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.bbmt.2010.07.015

Language

  • eng