Cardiopulmonary function and age-related decline across the breast cancer survivorship continuum.


Journal Article

PURPOSE: To evaluate cardiopulmonary function (as measured by peak oxygen consumption [VO(2peak)]) across the breast cancer continuum and its prognostic significance in women with metastatic disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with breast cancer representing four cross-sectional cohorts--that is, (1) before, (2) during, and (3) after adjuvant therapy for nonmetastatic disease, and (4) during therapy in metastatic disease--were studied. A cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) with expired gas analysis was used to assess VO(2peak). A Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the risk of death according to VO(2peak) category (< 15.4 v ≥ 15.4 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1)) with adjustment for clinical factors. RESULTS: A total of 248 women (age, 55 ± 8 years) completed a CPET. Mean VO(2peak) was 17.8 ± a standard deviation of 4.3 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1), the equivalent of 27% ± 17% below age-matched healthy sedentary women. For the entire cohort, 32% had a VO(2peak) less than 15.4 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1)--the VO(2peak) required for functional independence. VO(2peak) was significantly different across breast cancer cohorts for relative (mL · kg(-1) · min(-1)) and absolute (L · min(-1)) VO(2peak) (P = .017 and P < .001, respectively); VO(2peak) was lowest in women with metastatic disease. In patients with metastatic disease (n = 52), compared with patients achieving a VO(2peak) ≤ 1.09 L · min(-1), the adjusted hazard ratio for death was 0.32 (95% CI, 0.16 to 0.67, P = .002) for a VO(2peak) more than 1.09 L · min(-1). CONCLUSION: Patients with breast cancer have marked impairment in VO(2peak) across the entire survivorship continuum. VO(2peak) may be an independent predictor of survival in metastatic disease.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jones, LW; Courneya, KS; Mackey, JR; Muss, HB; Pituskin, EN; Scott, JM; Hornsby, WE; Coan, AD; Herndon, JE; Douglas, PS; Haykowsky, M

Published Date

  • July 10, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 20

Start / End Page

  • 2530 - 2537

PubMed ID

  • 22614980

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22614980

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1527-7755

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1200/JCO.2011.39.9014


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States