Direct measurement of lung motion using hyperpolarized helium-3 MR tagging.
PURPOSE: To measure lung motion between end-inhalation and end-exhalation using a hyperpolarized helium-3 (HP (3)He) magnetic resonance (MR) tagging technique. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Three healthy volunteers underwent MR tagging studies after inhalation of 1 L HP (3)He gas diluted with nitrogen. Multiple-slice two-dimensional and volumetric three-dimensional MR tagged images of the lungs were obtained at end-inhalation and end-exhalation, and displacement vector maps were computed. RESULTS: The grids of tag lines in the HP (3)He MR images were well defined at end-inhalation and remained evident at end-exhalation. Displacement vector maps clearly demonstrated the regional lung motion and deformation that occurred during exhalation. Discontinuity and differences in motion pattern between two adjacent lung lobes were readily resolved. CONCLUSIONS: Hyperpolarized helium-3 MR tagging technique can be used for direct in vivo measurement of respiratory lung motion on a regional basis. This technique may lend new insights into the regional pulmonary biomechanics and thus provide valuable information for the deformable registration of lung.
Cai, J; Miller, GW; Altes, TA; Read, PW; Benedict, SH; de Lange, EE; Cates, GD; Brookeman, JR; Mugler, JP; Sheng, K
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