Determination of CD4 and CD8 lymphocyte subsets by a new alternative fluorescence immunoassay.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new alternative fluorescence immunoassay method (Zymmune CD4/CD8 Cell Monitoring Kit; Zynaxis, Inc., Malvern, Pa.) for determining the absolute CD4+ and CD8+ T-lymphocyte concentrations in whole blood. The investigation was performed as a two-site comparison of the reference whole blood flow cytometric method with the Zymmune method. In this investigation, a total of 166 patient samples were evaluated of which approximately 20% were from human immunodeficiency virus-positive individuals. The mean value for samples performed by the Zymmune CD4 assay was 1,094 (range, 74 to 2,586) cells per microliters, while the reference method yielded a mean of 890 (range, 35 to 2,033) cells per microliter. The correlation coefficient for regression analysis was 0.940. The mean value for samples performed by the Zymmune CD8 assay was 700 (range, 212 to 1,813) cells per microliter, while the reference method yielded a mean of 546 (range, 82 to 2,158) cells per microliter. The correlation coefficient for regression analysis was 0.921. No site-specific differences or trends in CD4 or CD8 values were seen when the data were analyzed by site of collection. The average precision of the CD4 assay varied from 6 to 14%, corresponding to the high and low concentration ranges. For CD8, the average precision varied from 8.3 to 16% over the respective high to low concentration ranges. We conclude that the Zymmune CD4/CD8 Cell Monitoring Kit method provides absolute CD4+ and CD8+ T-lymphocyte concentrations which are equivalent to those given by the reference flow cytometric method.
Denny, TN; Jensen, BD; Gavin, EI; Louzao, AG; Vella, FA; Oleske, JM; Wong, W
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