Comparative effects of thermosensitive doxorubicin-containing liposomes and hyperthermia in human and murine tumours.
In previous reports, laboratory-made lysolecithin-containing thermosensitive liposome encapsulating doxorubicin (LTSL-DOX) showed potent anticancer effects in FaDu human squamous cell carcinoma. To further study the spectrum of LTSL-DOX activity, the efficacy of its commercial formulation was re-examined in FaDu and compared in HCT116, PC3, SKOV-3 and 4T07 cancer cell lines. Factors that may influence differences in HT-LTSL-DOX efficacy were also examined.Anticancer effect was measured using standard growth delay methods. We measured doubling time and clonogenic survival after doxorubicin exposure in vitro, and interstitial pH and drug concentrations in vivo.In all five tumour types, HT-LTSL-DOX increased median tumour growth time compared with untreated controls (p < 0.0006) and HT alone (p < 0.01), and compared with LTSL-DOX alone in FaDu, PC-3 and HCT-116 (p < 0.0006). HT-LTSL-DOX yielded significantly higher drug concentrations than LTSL-DOX (p < 0.0001). FaDu was most sensitive (p < 0.0014) to doxorubicin (IC(50) = 90 nM) in vitro, compared to the other cell lines (IC(50) = 129-168 nM). Of the parameters tested for correlation with efficacy, only the correlation of in vitro doubling time and in vivo median growth time was significant (Pearson r = 0.98, p = 0.0035). Slower-growing SKOV-3 and PC-3 had the greatest numbers of complete regressions and longest tumour growth delays, which are clinically important parameters.These results strongly suggest that variations in anti-tumour effect of HT-LTSL-DOX are primarily related to in vitro doubling time. In the clinic, the rate of tumour progression must be considered in design of treatment regimens involving HT-LTSL-DOX.
Yarmolenko, PS; Zhao, Y; Landon, C; Spasojevic, I; Yuan, F; Needham, D; Viglianti, BL; Dewhirst, MW
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)